What is a planning scheme?
A planning scheme is a statutory document which sets out how land can be used and developed. It also sets out how land is to be protected and conserved. It includes policies, zones, overlays and other provisions to achieve its objectives.
In accordance with section 6 of the Planning and Environment Act 1987 the planning scheme
- must seek to further the objectives of planning in Victoria within the area covered by the scheme
- must contain a Municipal Strategic Statement (MSS),
- may make any provision which relates to the use, development, protection or conservation of any land in the area.
What does a planning scheme contain?
Planning Schemes in Victoria all have the same structure and include
- maps which show the zones and overlays that affect the land
- an ordinance with sets outs the written requirements of a scheme
- incorporated documents
Each municipality has its own planning scheme and the local policies distinguish one planning scheme from another. See a copy of the Yarra Planning Scheme.
What is a planning scheme amendment?
An amendment makes changes to the planning scheme. An amendment may be required to implement a new strategy or plan, to update local policies, to correct a mistake or rezone land, among other things.
What are the steps in a planning scheme amendment?
Help me better understand some of the terms you use in the planning scheme
The following are definitions of some of the more common planning terms we use:
Activity Centre: An area that provides a focus for services, employment, housing, transport and social interaction. They include Yarra's retail streets.
Commercial zone: Land that primarily has a commercial purpose, including shops, offices and restaurants.
Dwelling: A house, townhouse or apartment. It might be a single dwelling on a lot, a row of dwellings, a block of flats or apartments - each individual residence is a dwelling.
Major Employment Precincts: There are two in Yarra - Cremorne and Church Street, Richmond and Gipps Street, Collingwood. They host a diversity of traditional industrial uses, commercial offices and creative industries.
Mixed use zone: Land that has a mixture of commercial, industrial and residential uses.
Planning Scheme: A core responsibility of local government is to provide a planning scheme that sets out how land can be used, developed, protected or conserved. It includes policies, zones, overlays and other provisions to achieve its objectives.
Residential zone: Land that is predominantly for housing. The residential zone applies to 805 hectares of land in Yarra, accounting for 41% of all land in the municipality.
Strategic Development Sites: Sites that have been identified for redevelopment. They are often in commercial and mixed-use areas and include large, industrial parcels of land, such as the former paper mill in Alphington.
Urban renewal: The term for redeveloping land in cities, which often involves demolishing old structures and replacing them with new houses, facilities and infrastructure.
Zones: The planning scheme zones all land to reflect various land uses. Zones categorise how land is used and there are specific rules relating to each zone.
Where can I get more information?
The Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning has more information about planning on its website.