Compost bins and worm farms
Yarra residents can further reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the amount of waste that goes to landfill by using worm farms and compost bins.
More than half of household waste is made up of food and garden scraps. Using a worm farm or compost bin helps the environment by significantly reducing the amount of waste that is thrown away.
Council is currently trialling a food waste reduction program called Food Know How, offering free advice, workshops and discounted compost bins or worm farms to households and cafes in Yarra. Sign up now at www.foodknowhow.org.au or call 9429 3084.
Ordering and paying for your worm farm or compost bin
You will need to order and pay for your worm farm or compost bin before picking it up or before it is delivered to you.
This can be done at the Richmond Town Hall, 333 Bridge Road, or at the Collingwood Temporary Customer Service Centre, Stanton Street, Abbotsford (next to Collingwood Library).
Make sure to bring proof of residency, such as a driver’s licence or utilities bill.
Pick up or delivery
Delivery of worm farms and compost bins is free and takes place on Fridays.
If you are not home on Fridays, you will need to provide Council with details of where best to leave your new worm farm or compost bin.
Alternatively, they can be picked up at Council’s Depot, corner of Roseneath and Gray Street Clifton Hill, Monday to Friday 8.30am to 2.30pm.
You will need to bring with you your receipt of payment.
HUNGRY BIN WORM FARM and COMPOST BIN
Dimensions: About the size of a small wheelie bin. Click on the link above to read more about this product.
Cost - $241.00
210L BMW WORM FARM
L 600mm X W 600mm X H 980mm
Cost - $43.50
RELN WORM FARM
L 570mm X W 395mm X H 640mm
Cost - $72.00
What is worm farming?
Worm farming is when you feed fruit and vegetable scraps to compost worms.
There are three common types of compost worms; Tiger worms, Indian Blues and Red Wrigglers.
These worms eat their body weight in a single day and can double in population every two to three months. The worms produce castings that make a great fertiliser for gardens and indoor plants.
Keeping a worm farm requires minimal maintenance and is ideal for people living in flats or in houses with small backyards.
How do I worm farm?
You can purchase a variety of different worm farms from nurseries and hardware stores or you can make your own.
Once you have your worm farm and compost worms, all you need to do is add your fruit and vegetable scraps each week.
Add a small amount of food in the first week and increase this amount gradually over six months.
Make sure to chop up the food first and include a variety of fruits and vegetables.
Compost worms will also eat coffee grinds, paper, leaves and even damp cardboard.
Do not add onions, garlic and chilli or acidic food such as oranges or lemons.
Avoid meat and dairy foods or materials contaminated with toxic chemicals such as sawdust from treated wood. If uneaten food remains in the farm, you will know you have overfed the worms.
Place a few layers of newspaper on top of the food to keep the moisture in your worm farm.
Pour some water on the newspaper every few days during summer to prevent the worm farm from drying out.
For more information about worm farms, go to Sustainability Victoria’s website at
220L BMW COMPOST BIN
L 620mm X W 620mm X H 800mm
Cost - $27.50
What is composting?
Composting is when household food scraps and garden waste is broken down to create a dark soil.
This soil is nutrient-rich and provides an excellent fertiliser for your garden.
How do I compost?
Choose a shady spot in your garden.
Turn your compost pile regularly, breaking up clumps of food waste or adding twigs and newspapers to increase air spaces.
Keep it moist, but not wet.
Ensure you feed it the right food - almost anything organic can be composted, including fruit and vegetable. scraps, egg shells, tea leaves and bags, ground coffee, grass clippings, garden clippings, cut flowers and old potting mix, animal and human hair, vacuum cleaner dust and newspapers.
Meat and dairy products are not recommended as they don’t break down easily, can rot and make your compost smell and will attract vermin.
Animal manures, metals, plastics, glass and magazines are not recommended either.
Healthy compost needs a balanced diet of nitrogen and carbon. Waste high in nitrogen includes food scraps and grass clippings and waste high in carbon includes paper, sawdust, straw and leaves.
Building your compost
There are a number of methods for building your compost and each will take a different amount of time:
Layering: add 10cm layers of vegetable and fruit scraps, grass clippings, leaves and shredded newspaper, covering each layer with a thin layer of soil and a small amount of fertiliser. Your compost will be ready in three to six months, but will take less time if it is turned regularly.
All together: add saved kitchen and garden waste to your compost at once and turn several times a week. This generates a lot of heat, making your compost ready in three to six weeks.
Compost Worms: Layer your compost as usual but add compost worms. The worms will turn the heap for you making your compost ready in approximately three months. Many nurseries and hardware stores sell compost worms.
You will know your compost is ready to use when it is dark and crumbly. Always remember to wear gloves when handling the compost and adding the soil to your garden.
For more information about compost, go to Sustainability Victoria’s website at www.sustainability.vic.gov.au.
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